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We are bringing you types, important things, advantages, benefits and everything else you need to know about organic farming and organic food. First a few words about it, and then we are getting to the business.
Organic production, unlike private vegetable growing, is regulated by law. Currently, in the European Union, the USA, Canada, Japan, and other countries, food producers need to have a special certification for organic production in order to market their products as “organic”. For the purposes of these laws, organic food is food produced in a manner that complies with the standards prescribed at the national or international level. In most countries, organic food may not be genetically modified. It has been suggested that the application of nanotechnology in food production should be excluded from certified organic food.
Organic food is food produced using methods that do not include modern artificial additives such as pesticides and chemical fertilizers, does not contain genetically modified organisms and is not treated with radiation, industrial solvents or chemical food additives.
In most of human history, agricultural production can be called “organic”. Only during the 20th century did the use of large quantities of artificial chemicals in food production begin. The organic farming movement was created in the 1940s in response to the industrialization of agriculture and is known as the Green Revolution.
The meaning and origin of the term organic farming and food
In 1939, Lord Northbourne coined the term “organic farming” in his book “A Look at the Land” (1940), based on his concept of considering a farm as an organism, to describe a holistic, environmentally balanced approach to agricultural production, in contrast, what he called “chemical agriculture” (referring to artificial fertility and not an organic entity). This is different from the scientific use of the term “organic”, which refers to the type of carbon-containing molecules.
Types of Organic Farming
Processed organic foods usually contain only organic ingredients. Where non-organic ingredients are present, at least a certain percentage of the total plant or animal ingredients must be organic (eg 95% in the US, Canada, and Australia). Non-organic ingredients present must meet the relevant requirements. Foods considered organic must not contain artificial nutritional additives and are often produced with as few artificial procedures and conditions as possible (eg radiation, genetic modification). Pesticides are allowed, unless artificial.
The first consumers interested in organic food sought non-pesticide foods, fresh and minimally processed foods. As organic food requirements increased, big organic food deliveries replaced direct procurements from growers. Today, there is no limit to the size of the farm where organic food is grown, so many large farms have departments where they grow organic food. It is difficult to distinguish such foods on the market, so product labeling has been introduced as a “certified organic” product.
But we can divide them into:
- Pure Organic Farming – only using organic means, like biopesticides and organic manures. It completely avoids using any chemicals or inorganic pesticides. It is definitely much harder because of those things, but it is pure, and if you are selling it, food is much more expensive.
- Integrated Organic Farming Systems – pure organic farmers don’t want to use much or any technology in their work. This is different from integrated organic farming systems, which use all technology they can get to make their life easier and to make more food. But, they still don’t include some big amounts of chemicals or pesticides or something like that. Still inside organic rules.
- Integrated Organic Farming – it uses integrated pest and nutrients management, but you still grow your crops from natural resources. That way you can get more crops and have a much easier job, and still eat or sell real, organic food.
Importance of Organic Farming
Unfortunately, in the World, currently, there is only about 1% of organic farming. That is, as you probably guessed, an extremely small number. That is a big problem, we all need to try and solve. If not only for better quality food, then to save our land and our planet.
Organic farming has many benefits, like bringing such vital benefits as preserving the organic composition of the soil. In addition, there is the constant destruction of Ozone by pesticides, leakage emissions from various tractors, industry and more, which organic farming mostly avoids.
Organic farmers use the following practices:
- They maintain and improve soil fertility and structure, as well as biodiversity and erosion reduction. They do this by making their own, organic fertilizer, through dead plants and other organic waste.
- They reduce the risk of human, animal and ecological exposure to toxic effects through pesticides, fertilizers and other chemicals.
- They tailor their farming ways to meet local conditions and market demands
Advantages and benefits of Organic Farming
There is much to be written about the comparisons between organic and conventional agriculture. There are certainly many books and articles on this subject. However, what is most interesting to growers and consumers is the safe and abundant production of food to feed their families and themselves.
Is there a way to make food production productive but at the same time environmentally friendly? This is a question we must ask ourselves if we are to be profitable agricultural growers who care about the environment. Undoubtedly, conventional agricultural production in the 20th century ensured the production of large quantities of food as growers began to use motorized equipment, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides to produce large quantities of food that the world had never seen before. However, wanting to produce copious amounts of food, we did not realize that there was a price we had to pay for our works, which was a decrease in soil quality.
There are several reasons why investing in an organic farm is primarily about human health, but also greater nutritional value and a better taste of foods, but also environmental protection. People today consume products that are processed to such an extent that they do not provide the body with the necessary nutritional, energy and health standards that ensure its health. We ourselves are aware of the fact that food processing is today the biggest cause of the increase in the incidence of various diseases, and we do not even know how many harmful particles we bring into the body. The only way to avoid the intake of these substances is to encourage an increasing investment in eco-food production in every country in the world.
So, without further ado, we are bringing you the biggest advantages of organic farming.
- Organic products promote soil health – Organic agriculture, on the other hand, places soil quality first, because only healthy soil can produce highly nutritious fruits and vegetables for human consumption. One way growers can maintain soil health is by using natural or as natural as possible ingredients. For example, in ancient times farmers put small fish in the soil to provide fertilizer for the seed.
This interesting way that our ancestors used to grow corn and cereals is not very practical for modern agricultural production. Instead, we can use hydrolyzed fish fertilizer today. Liquid fish fertilizer is ideal for both soil application and foliar applications and is applicable to all types of crops to provide nutrients that are indispensable to plants. Humic and fulvic acids are natural ingredients of organic matter in any healthy soil. These two ingredients, with other organic acids, are extremely important for the tissue of the plant. Rich soils with enough humus are living soil with trillions of microorganisms and other organisms. They help maintain soil quality and maintain the natural cycle of soil microbial change.
- Useful, accessible and easy to use – Today’s agricultural soils are saturated with constant soil and the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. The amount of organic matter in the soil was disturbed, the natural populations of the micro-organisms were damaged, all of which resulted in a decrease in the content of humic substances in the soil. Humic and fulvic acids can be safely extracted from sub-bituminous coal and applied to the soil or foliar to replace the amount of humic substance in the soil. These products are useful, affordable and easy to use.
- Known but sophisticated methods – Farmers have been using seaweed for centuries to supply their crops with 60 nutrients, natural growth hormones and increase resistance to stress changes in the plant. Farmers had to remove the seaweed from the ocean, compost it and put it in the ground, which is a very complicated process.
Today, seaweed has become readily available to those who want to improve their agricultural production. Seaweed can be applied to the soil or foliar. They improve germ health and increase root growth. Today, it is very difficult to deal with organic production alone, which is why many growers use organic products with conventional methods.
- Great for conventional production as well – Conventional growers are often pleasantly surprised when they start applying hydrolyzed fish fertilizer, humic and fulvic acids, seaweed and other organic products and realize that their plants are healthier, with higher yields than usual.
Regardless of whether it is strictly organic or conventional production, there are significant shifts in the production of healthy crops and soil health when organic products are involved in fruit and vegetable production.
It is people who bring about positive change, those who have taken matters into their own hands without waiting for changes in global politics. These are, as we have mentioned, organic farmers, permaculturists, seed workers and keepers of traditional varieties and breeds of livestock, various associations of producers and consumers engaged in lobbying and advocating for better agricultural policy. Let us be the change we want to see in the world because organic farming is the future.
You can also take a look at this great video about organic farming