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Being a farmer is a really hard job and not everyone can do it. A person who wants to work on a farm or a ranch must be a hardworking person that loves nature, but also a person who knows a lot about farm management and many other things concerning animals and fruits and vegetables. Not everyone knows what are the farmer’s duties. So, what does a farmer do on the farm during their workday?
Farmers have a lot of responsibilities to their crops and animals on their farms. They must have a wide knowledge base in agriculture to incorporate it into their work. Besides all that, they must know how to use mechanisms that have become essential tools at the farm or ranch.
As I mentioned earlier, there are a lot of things a farmer needs to know when working on a farm. Farmers need to get up late and get a lot of things done during the day. Being a farmer requires a lot of time and dedication to the ranch and the animal and plants as well. Some people think that the farmers only have work experience and a high school diploma, but more and more of them continue their studies and get a Bachelor’s degree.
What Does A Farmer Do On The Farm?
What Is A Farmer?
To find out the farmer’s tasks and what do they do on the farm, one must know what a farmer is. A farmer is a person who works as an agriculturist and who produces a wide variety of food products for both human and animal consumption. Some farmers raise animals and those who grow crops. A farmer is also a person who loves nature and spends most of their time working on a farm or a ranch.
Farmers love to work with animals and love to spend their time outdoors. The main goal of any farmer is to produce good crops and healthy animals which is how they make a living. Farmers produce the food we’re eating and they work hard every day to produce the best product they can.
These hardworking people must possess all the knowledge regarding their field of expertise to produce the best animals or plants they can.
What Are Farmer’s Tasks?
There’s a wide variety of tasks that farmers do daily on farms or ranches. Farmers must have a wide knowledge base of the agricultural industry and all tied to it. Some of their tasks are purchasing and planting seeds if they’re working on a crop farm, or purchasing a quality breeding stock if they’re working on an animal farm.
Not only do the farmers must have a general knowledge of planting dates, harvesting periods, and breeding cycles, they also have to know how to use all the mechanics that have become part of their work on the farm. They need to keep the equipment running and maintain it for longer use.
It is important to mention that the farmer’s tasks vary according to their expertise. Meaning, a farmer who raises different crops will be responsible for the preparation of the land for planting, caring, and harvesting the crops. Farmers also have to water the fields, fertilize, and free the land of weeds that are bad for the crops.
What do the livestock farmers do on their farms? Well, some of them might breed and rais their animals while others concentrate on buying animals at a young age and then raise them for sale, slaughter, or show. Livestock includes food animals such as cattle, sheep, and pigs. Some exotic animals used for pleasure are included, such as horses and bison as well. What is important to mention is that each type of animal requires certain expertise, knowledge, and management. For example, dairy farmers must know how to milk their animals and handle the milk.
On the other hand, animals like horses require certain training. Farmer’s task is to have all the expertise to take good care of the animals they’re breeding. The animals on the farm also need routine vaccinations or other care, so the farmers need to manage it or perform as well.
There are more and more modernized farms and ranches that use modern equipment and tools to enhance productivity. Farming machinery often makes farmer’s work easier and enables them to work faster. That being said, every farmer must know how to operate a wide variety of farming machinery. Some of the farming machinery used almost every day are tractors, trucks, plows, milking machines, harvesters, and much more. This has become essential equipment for almost every farmer.
On the other hand, some farms still use draft animals rather than tractors, and farmers must know how to drive, handle, and care for the team as well. There are also smaller tools and equipment that is being used daily on every farm, such as pumps, garden trillers, and chain saws.
Most of these types of equipment and tools, especially those modernized farming machines, are very hard to use. Farmers must specialize in working with these tools and farming machines because it has become essential for their work. They use it daily and thanks to it, their products offer better quality which is the ultimate goal.
Small And Large Farms
Farmer’s duties may vary whether they’re working on a small farm or a big one. Logically, there will be more duties and tasks on bigger farms and ranches for each worker individually. For example, on bigger farms, the farmers might be managers who direct other farmworkers in their duties. On the other hand, on small or family-operated farms, farmers usually perform all or most of the tasks themselves.
One thing that farmers must know about when working on family-operated farms is how to market their crops to the customer. A farmer must know how to sell their products successfully which can be a hard task sometimes. It is important to say that the farmers are business owners and have to know the regulations and laws regarding farming and agriculture. Some of their jobs as business owners are bookkeeping and record-keeping as well.
There are a wide variety of farmers that specialize in a certain field. For example, some farmers specialize in fish farming. Those farmers will manage a large fishery or even specialize in one variety of fish. They specialize in the raising of fish that are meant for consumption or to be released in lakes or rivers in the attempt to repopulate a dying waterway.
Farmers that work in the area of fish farming need to have great knowledge of the specifics of the certain species they’re raising. One more important thing that these farmers need to know is the environmental requirements placed upon them by the state or local governments. Knowing and researching all there is about a certain variety of fish is hard and can be a lot of work and that is why the farmers need to specialize in it.
Cash Crop Farming
We already mentioned that there are farmers that specialize in a wide variety of crops. These farmers will raise different crops to market for consumption, animal food production, medical use, and many other things as well. Farmers that work in this field need to have all the knowledge about the planting, fertilization, and harvesting of the crops. Also, farmers need to take care of the transport of the crops to the proper production elevators for sale.
The cash crop farmers must know all there is about harvesting times, and weather patterns in order to succeed a good footing in the field. Most of those farmers process the crops to be sold back to other farmers for future use. They sell them first to the seed companies who treat the crops and process them and later sell them to other farmers to use the seeds for the next season to plant their fields.
There are a wide variety of fields that certain farmers can specialize in. The main goal of a farmer is to produce good products whether it’s animals or plants, and that is why they must possess all the knowledge in order to succeed. The main goal is to sell their product directly to the customers or a certain company.