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Jamunapari is a cute Indian goat for dairy use. Jmunapari originated from India in Uttar perdash. This goat was first introduced near a river called Jamuna in Uttar Perdash.
However, this goat is commonly known as the Jamunapari goat. This beautiful goat has been imported to Indonesia, and here it is famous as the name of Etawah.
Generally speaking, they are also called some other unique names such as Ram Sagol, Jamnapari, etc., on the positive side, these are highly meat and milk productive breeds and suitable for conveying.
Namely, in India, Jamunapari Goat Breed is appraised as an excellent dairy goat. Interestingly, these are some of the jumbo goat breeds that come with a very prolonged ear pair.
Mainly this goat export in Indonesia, and there the breed has gained a big success. Moreover for making some other breeds, it has played a vital role in the breed industry.
The Demand of Jamunapari Goat Breed
Furthermore, taking up goats for Meat and milk can be a moneymaking small-farm business. Nowadays, in the United States, there is a significant demand for goat meat, also called chevon, (the flesh of the goat) that is used as food, so there is a supply.
In addition, Jamunapari is a tall, white and large size milk and meat provider goat breed of India. In contrast, their numbers have been brought down over the years for many reasons.
With attention to, the Jamunapari goat breed has also called as Queen of the goat because of its appealing look and tall height.
In fact, this is the binary purpose goat breed; it is best in both milk and meat production.
Therefore, Jamunapari goat Breed evolves over centuries through accurate selection by the goat keepers of Uttarpradesh.
Hence, all this is done under good quality food, harsh climate, and keep from tropical disease for the best breed.
The Jamunapari Goat utilizes widely to upgrade the local goats in India.
To point out, it is also used in so many Asian countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan breed due to its high mass production and Potential in Milk and Meat.
This goat is best in adaptability for an increased range of agro-climatic situations.
Main Characteristics Of Jamunapari Goat
- The figure of this goat breed is relatively long sized than other breed goats.
- Black Legs size is long with long hair in the thigh.
- Multiple in colours, for example black, white, brown, yellow or various mixed coloured.
- This breed loves to graze in the open field of the area.
- An important property is long and thin ears which are curved downwards always.
- Contrast the tail of Jamunapari goat is typically short and curved upward.
- The ability of production is one baby goat per year.
- Physically it has a pair of small-sized horns which are bend backwards.
- When we talk about milk, then female Jamunapari goat gives milk about 2-3 litter daily.
- The milk of Jamunapari goat is so tasty and healthy, but it also carries about 5% fat.
- The weights of an adult male goat are about 65-90 kg. Then an adult female goat contains weights about 40-60 kg. The teats are comparatively big but pendulous and long.
- In general, all goats have slightly brown spots in their neck and mouth.
- No doubt, the breed is very suitable for the commercial dairy farming business.
Production features of Jamunpari
As we know, Jamunapari grows very fast and produces more milk if provided with the best standard supplementary feeds. While the yield of milk in a lactation period of 250 days, varies from 250 – 300 kg with a 3.5 percent fat content. Similarly, as the best dairy goat breeds, the average daily milk capitulates 2.25 to 2.7 kg.
- Impotent to realize the newborn baby of Jamunapari goat weighs around 3kg.
- The bodyweight of an adult male goat and Doe varies from 65 to 86 kg and 45-61 sequentially.
- Besides, the average rates of growth for male and female kids are 59.4 and 48.2g/day
- Surprisingly, in just one year, the goat can gain around 21kg.
- The yield of the average daily milk is 2.25 kg to 2.7 kg. Of course, the milk lactation period yield of 250 days varies from 250 – 300 kg.
- Containing about 5% of fat make it very tasty and healthy milk.
- With multiple kids produced gain more milk than those with single kids or fewer kids.
Reproductive regulation (kidding)
- Another critical point for two years there can be three kidding cycles.
- Quadruplets and triplets are very common and normal.
- Since the kidding cycle is one time in around eight months.
- The sex ratio is 53.3 male and 46.7% in females.
- Male sexual maturity age varied from 9 to 12 months.
- The average age of the first conceiving is 18 month
- Conceiving rate is very high, approx. 90%.
Benefits of Jamunapari Goat
1. The cost of health management is significantly less because Jamunapari is a very healthy animal, so disease incidence is low.
2. Jamunapari goat breed is very high on milk productivity and meat also. Breed of Jamnapari Goat commonly keeps for dual-purpose (milk and meat).
3. Jamunapari has stunning features, and this goat breed is suitable for the manifest.
4. In commercial use, goat milk is used for making different types of foods, and it’s straightforward to digest than the milk of cows.
5. With high kid’s production, make it more precious.
6. Triplets and quadruplets are very common; it means more goats and more profit.
7. With attention to diseases is less in the Jamunapari breed than other domestic animals.
8. Another key point is Jamunaparis able to adapt themselves to almost any climate of living.
Their average age of first conceiving is 18 months. The fertilization rate of Jamunapari goat is too high, and it is nearly 90%. Triplets and quadruplets are very usual in this goat breed. With this in mind, the kidding rate is 1.6 and twinning 52%. Commonly first kidding at the age of 23 months, and the inter-kidding interval is about 11 months.
Feeding in Jamunapari Goats
Need to provide a memorable and exemplary diet to the pregnant and show goat consisting of jawar (sorghum bicolor), barley, bajra (Pennisetum americanum), and good wheat whole or whole in the form of a potage.
Generally speaking, Jamunapari goats breed you need to spend about 94% of their time browsing eagerly during the winter season. But browse slowly about 55% of their time in hot summer seasons.
These goat breeds love grazing, but they also need some extra nutritious food. Therefore, you can feed your goat a condensed grain mixture in the morning before going out to the pasture.
The male goats also need extra care and nutritious food that improves with sufficient calcium, protein, and energy for breeding purposes.
Clean water also plays an essential role so ensuring enough supply of fresh and clean water regularly.
Kids of Jamunapari goats rise by their mother for three months of age. In this period, kids consume their mother’s milk and some other extra foods like green leaves, grasses, etc.
House Management for Jamunapari goats
Jamunapari goats are generally kept under extensive methods. They usually nibble about 7-12 hours in a single day and hold on in-house only at night.
As we have seen that some south Asian goat producers keep these goats in small herds. All this happened with other animals due to lack of capacity. However, for commercial production of Jamunapari goat, they need a good area.
If you want to make a house for the Jamunapari goat breed, then a room of 12X8 square feet is good for keeping 16 goats together. But create the place high from the ground with bamboo, wooden or concrete poles.
Two things are crucial: you need to keep the floor dry, and the second is to make a proper ventilation system.
Specifically, create a separate room for the male goats for breeding purposes. The soil in the goat house will rotate and burn in every three months to kill the bacteria for their excellent health. The goat house should disinfect from every week for the excellent health of the Goat.
How Can You Choose the Breeder of Jamunapari Goat
- Keep in mind that for the good upcoming results, the age of Jamunapari breeder should be two years or four teeth must.
- For this reason, the breeder has to good in weight, good height, strengthened legs, hostile and Tight.
- The breeder must be disease-free for the sake of a good breed.
- The feed conversion rate of the breeder should be well.
- Get good results; the testicles should be of the same size.
Here are some conclusion
- It gives maximum returns from meat and milk.
- Jamunapari is best for commercial goat farming.
- You can use the breeder for crossbreeding of the goats near you.
- It can use for decorative and fancy purposes.
- Massive in demand because of beautiful looks in the festive season, for example, Eid and Durgapuja.
- Characterization of Jamunapari goats in their home tract
- Estimation of genetic parameters and genetic trends for milk yield traits in Jamunapari goats in semiarid tropics