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Who has not tried to eat locally grown vegetables does not know what vegetables are. Buying vegetables just looks like a garden vegetable. Homemade vegetables can be grown on suitable, larger or smaller soil areas that can become a home garden, and in this article, we will show you how to grow beautiful vegetables at your home in your DIY garden from scratch.
The vision of the garden begins at a time when nature is still dormant, in anticipation of spring. Then it is the perfect time to get well prepared for the gardening season and put all your ideas and wishes into the garden plan. It is very important to have gardening plan and to know which vegetables we want to grow at home in our DIY garden because that is how we will plan how to orientate it, how big the garden has to be and more.
Why we have to plan a DIY garden?
By planning the garden, you can match your preferences with the existing area and growing conditions, and based on the plan you can make a realistic list for the purchase of seeds and seedlings. Also, the whole garden is not sown at once, since some species are sown as early as March (peas, lettuce…) and some only in early May (pumpkins, beans…).
How to make a vegetable DIY garden from the scratch plan?
Design your home garden according to your wishes and needs. To begin with, you need to make a list of the species you want to sow, as well as in what quantities you would like to grow them (eg: 20 pepper seedlings, 10 tomato seedlings, 40 cabbage heads…).
According to the desired quantities, you will later predict the required space in the garden and the required amount of seeds. Be sure to add useful herbs to the list that have a beneficial effect on the entire biosystem, such as caddisflies and marigolds that drive harmful nematodes out of the soil. Spicy and medicinal herbs that have a beneficial effect on plant health and contribute to biological balance in the garden are desirable.
The flowers are not just for their appearance and smell. They attract beneficial insects into the garden (eg gaillardia (blanket flower) attracts ladybugs, poppies attract hoverflies, garden cosmos and borage attract bees in your garden, etc.), and some species enrich the soil with nitrogen (eg lupine). Flowers and herbs do not need separate flower beds but can be planted on the edges of flower beds and in combination with vegetables.
In order to balance the species and space well, it is best to create a DIY garden scheme after completing the list. Sketch the billets on paper or in a computer program and start filling them with vegetables and flowers from your list. The ideal width of the billets is 30 to 40 inches (80-100 cm) so that you can reach the middle on both sides with your hands, and the ideal position is north-south. Thus, all the beds will receive an equal amount of sunshine throughout the day.
When combining herbs according to the intended flower beds, it is important to keep in mind the crop rotation. The most important rule: do not repeat the plants in the same place they grew last year!
This rule applies to all species except tomatoes that grow best in the same place each year. Consider whole plant families because most plants in the same family have the same pests and diseases. Eg. cabbages, which include kale, cabbage, mustard, radish, and broccoli, are attacked by cabbage bugs, while auxiliaries, which include tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, are attacked by potato beetle and blight fungus… If broccoli grew on some flowerbed last year, this year’s change is not kale, but carrots and onions or beans.
This is important not only from the point of view of diseases and pests that can hibernate in the soil but also because of the depletion of the soil. Different species have different needs for nutrients to be extracted from the soil, so rotating the plants around the garden will prevent you from completely depleting certain elements in some places while other areas are unused.
TIP: Keep in mind that legumes enrich the soil with nitrogen!
When planning, consider that there are good and bad neighbors in the garden. Some species stimulate growth and protect against pests and diseases (eg onions and carrots with their smell force pests away). Also, there are combinations in which plants slow or inhibit each other’s growth. There are different, contradictory, tables of good and bad neighbors (we have our own on the link just above) – so follow the basic rule: never combine plants from the same family on a single flowerbed. Also, consider the size and growth of the plant and combine them to get enough space for both on the flowerbed (eg onion takes up space underground and fits in well with a salad that needs more space above the ground).
Remember to protect your DIY home garden from wind and plan where to put tall plants that make shade, because it is important for the shade to cover just those plants that suit it. Consider the sides of the world – the sun never shines from the north, so the highest plants, such as sunflowers, need to be planted just to the north to least shade the rest of the garden. They are at the same time a shield from the colder north wind.
It is not easy to come up with a good plan for your garden that satisfies all the conditions because everything depends on the climate, the soil, which plants to grow together…
The rules are not there for us to blindly follow. Take them as guidelines for beginers to help create your home garden, and everything else comes with experience. Try, observe and learn from nature, listen to your heart and enjoy your garden by growing your own healthy organic foods. By this process you are “growing” yourself too!
Example of building vegetable DIY garden from scratch at home for beginners
After you have your gardening plan, it is time to make your own garden. Now we will show you one simple example of how to do it, and we will also show you one simple but an excellent technique that will help you with the rest of your gardening. Our example is for tomatoes garden, but this DIY example can be used for any vegetables (depending on how much space you have) Of course, your garden doesn’t have to look like this, and it depends on what you want to grow, how much land you have etc., but this is something that will give you an idea on how to make your own garden, and show you what you can do at your home with not much space.
What is a garden and if you do not have it how to make it? Each piece of land from 5 ft2 to 1000 ft2 (0.5 m2 to 100 m2) or more can be a garden. In the garden of approximately 55 ft2 (5 m2) it is possible to grow tomatoes, sufficient quantities for one family of four. It is possible to plant 3 tomato stalks per 10 ft2 (m2) of the garden.
In a small garden of approximately 55 ft2 (5 m2) can be planted 15 stems of quality, homemade tomatoes. With proper care, watering and necessary removal of unnecessary parts of the plant, it is possible to harvest 7 – 11 pounds (3 – 5 kg) of tomatoes per stem, therefore, about 110 – 165 pounds (50 – 75 kg) on all 15 stems, and believe me when I say, these are a kind of tomatoes which cannot be bought in any shop. Tomatoes have many varieties, anyone can choose and plant what they want according to their will or desire.
Here is an example of a small DIY garden of approximately 55 ft2 (5 m2), which is located in the yard of a single-family home.
If you are a little tech-savvy and want to play around with your little DIY garden, it is possible to solve, in a very simple way, the problem of weeds, the problem of proper irrigation, and the problem of plowing the soil around individual stems. This is usually not very simple without damaging the fine superficial roots of the plants.
So how do you do that? Simply, drip irrigation should be done (one more DIY method). It is a very good system, vegetable crops, and tomatoes love it very much and this is something extensively used in large systems of vegetable production.
Drip irrigation system makes the most rational use of the available amount of water which supplies only the root system of the plants. This system is used for the irrigation of all kinds of fruits, vegetables, and flowers, either indoors or outdoors. Water can be used from any source, provided it is pure both chemical and mechanical ie. to filter to prevent clogging of the droplets.
So how do you set up a drip irrigation system on such a small surface without it being expensive or complicated?
From experience, I can say that it is not hard, and it really pays off. Here’s how to do it.
Description of the drip irrigation system:
The system consists of low-pressure pipes (available at each farm pharmacy) specially designed for drip irrigation, which are covered with a special, black foil (available at each farm pharmacy) and that’s all. Only, now everything has to be connected to the water supply network and put into operation to do it automatically without the necessary supervision.
In the first picture, we see a connection via a ball tap with a home, water mains, then an electric valve (from a washing machine) and an old reduction, gas valve.
Why do we need a pressure relief valve to lower the 4 to 5 bar pressure to a working pressure of 0.3-0.5 bar? This is the pressure at which the drip tubes dispense water. Without reduction, a 5 bar retina would immediately destroy the pipes.
In the second picture, we see a manifold to which two tubes are connected, which at the ends are closed by folding. The valves are standard, plastic, inexpensive and can also be purchased at any farm pharmacy. Otherwise, you can buy a standard pressure reducer of the water supply network, but sometimes it is not valid. Sometimes its outlet pressure is about 0.8 bar, which is too much. The electro valve is connected to the programmer to operate daily 3 or 4 times for 10 minutes.
And that is almost all it has to be done. Only one more thing has to be done, cover it all with 55 ft2 (5m2) black drip foil, stuff the stakes and wait for the seedlings to be ready for planting. The drip irrigation system should start working before planting seedlings, about 15 – 20 days to condition the soil.
We hope you have learned how to make your own DIY garden for beginners at your home, and that you will grow some tasty vegetables in it.