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Avocado is one of the wonderful fruits of summer. It is an exotic fruit, which is in the US mostly planted in California and can often be seen planted in gardens. It fits perfectly with California’s climatic conditions because its climate is very favorable for growing avocados.
The avocado comes from a laurel family, its tree is evergreen and can reach up to 65 feet. There are different varieties of avocados, as many as 80. Its origin is from Central and South America. It has small flowers, yellowish-green in color. These flowers develop pear-shaped fleshy fruits. It is of high nutritional value and its name comes from the word “ahuacatl” or “alligator pear”. Avocado looks reminiscent of alligator skin. It classifies as healthy food and is characteristic for the beginning of the summer.
Although some may compare it to mayonnaise, while others find it fairly neutral, one thing is for sure – avocados are not vegetables but fruits. It is usually prepared with salty dishes and is excellent in salads and with fish and meat.
Planting avocado from seeds
If you love avocados and use them often, whether for salad or as a favorite dessert, set aside seeds and try planting your own avocado tree in your garden. Get started with planting it first. The process itself is very simple and fun. It won’t take long for you to start harvesting your efforts.
If you want to grow avocados in your garden, you need:
- pebbles for drainage
- land for planting flowers
- 3 toothpicks
With the knife, the meaty, edible part is separated, and with three toothpicks, the bones are inserted at three different locations at regular intervals. After that, the jar is filled with water, and such a pierced bone is placed at the beginning of the jar so that toothpicks keep the bone close to the surface in the water. In the process, the most important thing is that the seed is partly in the water but should not be submerged. It is obligatory to check the water daily and if necessary add water.
If you are looking for the right avocado jar, check out our article.
After a couple of weeks, the pelvic sheath and the seeds will separate. After two months, the seedling sprouts, and in the area where the separation has occurred, the leaves begin to develop. When the root emerges and the leaves develop, lay the seed in the ground.
The jar is prepared by first preparing the drainage using small pebbles. Drainage is used to drain excess water. Drain the soil up to half a jar. When you have done all this, carefully plant the plant on the ground, then the root should be dug in, and the seed must remain above the surface of the soil.
Water your avocados regularly, humidity is necessary, but care should be taken not to over-soak. If the leaves turn yellow, it is a sign that the plant is too waterlogged. To prevent the effects of too much water, stop watering for several days. As the plant progresses, so does the seed weaken, eventually drying.
Keep track of your plant and when you notice that the seed has completely dried, it’s time to transplant your “tree” into the garden. It’s a good idea to use translucent glass jars so you can easily see when the roots are starting to grow and also when the water needs to be changed.
Avoid freezing temperatures. Plant your tree between March and June. If you are planting during the summer, there is always a risk of sun damage as avocado trees do not absorb water well at first. Plant it in a non-grassland area and away from the sidewalks and, if you can, into a place protected from wind and frost. The sun is highly recommended.
Many recommend that the water be changed daily, but it is better to change the water every five days to one week. Avocados love the sun very much, so it is recommended that you plant it in sunny places.
It is recommended to plant several nearby trees to be close to each other and to pollinate and grow their own fruit.
For all those who live in continental area, plant avocados in a larger jar, as you will regularly bring it in and out to warmer rooms.
Avocado trees should usually be watered two to three times a week. Caution should be exercised as there is a possibility of excess water, so the frequency of irrigation can be reduced to about once a week after a year.
When watering a tree, soak the soil well, then let it dry before watering again. As with most plants, you do not want the tree to dry too much. The rule for adult trees is about 20 gallons of water per day during the irrigation season. The seedlings will, of course, require a little less water. Check the soil before watering each time to make sure it has dried.
Watch the plant grow, with occasional watering. If you want to achieve shrubby growth, it is important to cut off the tips when the plant grows to 12 inches. When the plant grows by another 6 inches, the last few leaves at the very top, or the last two pairs, need to be removed. Repeat this process several times.
Sometimes avocados will start to form fruits after 3 or 4 years, and sometimes it will take as long as 15 years. In some cases, it may also never develop fruit.
To facilitate fruit formation, plant trees near each other to grow together and help with pollination. Never plant an avocado tree in solitude, make sure temperatures do not drop below 32°F and place it indoors when this occurs. Outside temperatures should not fall below 45 °F. Be sure to expose it regularly to the sun.
Avocado diseases and pests
It is possible for the avocado tree to be attacked by the ears. The first thing you can do then is wash the leaves of the plant with water. Try showering them to keep away the pests. When you have eliminated all pests, it is important to spray the avocado tree with the mixture in which you put water and a little dishwashing liquid and a tablespoon of oil. You should check your avocados regularly, every 4 days, to see if the pests have not returned.
Avocados have become increasingly used in our kitchens lately, thanks to its neutral taste, which can be blended with many dishes. Avocados can be consumed in an avocado salad, you can make different avocado desserts, and you can drink avocado-flavored coffee and prepare a snack, breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Avocados are full of healthy fats so it is recommended in the diet as well as the vegan diet. Namely, this perfect fruit is enriched with unsaturated fatty acids and contains vitamins A, C, and E, potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium. It is one of the best sources of fiber.
Receipt for a simple avocado-onion spread
Delicious and speedy spread!
You will need:
- 2 ripe avocados
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 1 clove of garlic
- single lime juice
- salt and pepper
- a handful of chopped parsley
- 1 finely chopped red onion
Avocado clean and crush with a fork. Add the lime juice, olive oil, salt, pepper, chopped parsley and pressed garlic. Finely chop or grate the onions and add them. Stir everything and try it. Serve with toasted bread or crackers.