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Tomatoes are a great growing crop and people like to farm them as their returns are good. This enables them to raise revenue to meet their financial obligations. But what will become of tomatoes during the rainy season? This is where our article will help you out, and tell you how to protect your precious crops.
In this article we will tell you can tomatoes grow during the rainy season, how to protect them, and what are the best tomato seeds for rainy season.
Can tomatoes grow during the rainy season
The bright red glossy look of tomatoes may make them seem like the ‘Rainy season crop’, however, that is not the case. It is not a good idea to grow tomatoes in the rainy season. Tomatoes are composed of 95% water and need proper sunshine, nutrient-rich soil, and reasonable watering to thrive.
The best time to cultivate tomatoes is that of before or after the rainy season as the growth of tomatoes is mostly controlled by their watering patterns. Although rainy water is good for a tomato plant as it contains a pH scale of around 6.2, uncontrolled watering can damage the tomato crop.
PH level refers to the acid/alkaline level. A pH level below 7.0 demonstrates an acidic nature whereas a pH level above 7.0 demonstrates an alkaline nature. Each crop thrives the best under different circumstances and tomatoes grow the best in acidic soil with a pH level of around 6.8. The tap water usually offers a pH level of 7.2. however, rainwater sustains a pH level of around 6.8. Rain, therefore, nourishes the tomato crop by supplementing the soil with phosphorus, manganese, and boron; all of which trigger a healthy tomato crop.
Nevertheless, excessive rains make the soil excessively acidic which can burn the tomato roots and damage the crop. The soil absorbs the rainwater until it is completely saturated which then pushes out the oxygen. Tomatoes need sufficient oxygen to survive, and such an atmosphere damages the tomato crop drastically.
How to protect tomatoes from rain
Tomato plants can suffer from heavy rainfall which can shorten the plant life and result in a compromised crop. To protect your tomato plants from rainfall damage and yield healthy crops, try out the following easy tips and tricks.
Mulch acts as a barrier and keeps the soil free from fungal diseases that destroy the lower tomato leaves. To save your tomato plants from rain damage, just slide in all the organic trash into your garden i.e. tea bags, eggshells, grass clippings, decaying leaves, compost, etc.
You can opt for either of the two; organic or inorganic mulch. The organic mulch is, however, preferable as it not only saves the soil from rain but also releases various nutrients into the soil upon decomposition. It also protects the soil from losing all the nutrients when hit by heavy rains. You can avoid the cold damage caused by heavy rain by adding a 3-inch thick mulch layer around the root area of your dear tomato plant.
Heavy and constant rainfall can washout all the soil-nutrients leaving it infertile and unproductive. The growth of tomato plants should be constantly monitored during the rainy season to avoid any nutrition deficiency. In case you observe stunted growth, use foliar feedings to compensate for the lost nutrients. This helps the plant intake the required nutrients through liquid fertilizers when the soil is too saturated.
Promote air circulation
During the rainy season regularly prune the lower and diseased leaves to promote airflow. Pruning will also minimize the lower leave contact with the soil. Make sure to throw the diseased leaves right away before the disease spreads.
If you reside somewhere where the clouds keep on showering, then you should use some waterproof covering for your young and fragile plants. A tarpaulin excellently serves as an excellent cover, when faced with persistent rains.
Observe and choose the best seeds for rainy seasons
Observe your tomato plant for blight during the rainy season. Any negligence can make way for blight which might damage the crop. Use a sterilized pruner to bid farewell to the diseased leaves and dispose of them immediately. Also, make sure you vigilantly cater to the nutrition needs of your gorgeous tomato plants. To yield the best tomato crop, don’t settle for less than the best seeds that are resistant and sturdy enough to stand a spell of heavy rains.
Best Tomato Seeds for The Rainy Season
During the rainy season, rich tomatoes’ production requires an effective disease control strategy, foliar feedings, and most importantly a resilient seed. The selection of seed plays the most important part in the growth of a healthy tomato crop. To choose the right seed for your garden, you need to have in-depth knowledge and critical insight into the available seed varieties. Below are listed some of the best Green Seeds from American Hybrid seeds, which can yield the best tomato crop during heavy rains even.
Tomato F1 T-29
This seed type stands out as one of the best tomato seeds which can last for almost a month. It is a hybrid seed that can tolerate temperature variance and heavy rain seasons. It bears an egg-shaped fruit with an approximate weight of 100-110 grams per fruit. Its maturity period lasts from 70-75 days. It yields thick and hard tomatoes that are resistant to common fungus.
Tomato F1 Tyking 5
With a maturity period of 68-70 days, Tyking is very resistant to heat and rain. It bears small, red fruits weighing almost 90 -110 grams per fruit. It is the ideal tomato seed for harsh rainy seasons and can be cultivated in almost all regions. Its tolerance against whitefly-transmitted geminiviral, bacterial wilt, tomato mosaic virus, and grey leaf spot; Stemphylium is excellent.
Tomato F1 Mongal (T-11)
This tomato seed is well adapted to cold and tropical atmospheres. With a 60-65 days post-transplant maturity period, it yields round slightly flat tomatoes with scarlet red skin and a green lining. These tomatoes offer an average weight of around 140-160 grams when fully matured. These seeds are heat-tolerant and resistant to bacterial wilt, fusarium, and powdery mildew.
Tomato F1 Cariboo
The Cariboo seed grows well in extreme weather conditions and heavy rains. When matured, the tomatoes are firm and bright red and weigh around 140 grams/ per fruit. Being super-resistant to bacteria wilt and fusarium, the Cariboo seed perfectly goes with the tropical areas.
Tomato F1 Tyrex 1
This rain and temperature-resistant tomato seed yields round orangish tomatoes with a mild flavor and approximately 150-180 gram weight/ per fruit. It is resistant to tomato mosaic virus, fusarium wilt race 1, grey leaf spot Stemphylium, and nematodes.
The Tropimech seed is ideal for cultivation in humid and rainy areas. With a post-transplant maturity period of 65-68 days, the matured fruits are egg-shaped weighing 110 grams on average. These seeds are highly resistant to nematode and whitefly-transmitted geminiviral.